Estates in land can be classified as (1) present interests or (2) future interests.

Present Interests

  • Life Estate
  • Fee Simple
    • Fee Sample Determinable
    • Fee Sample on Condition Subsequent

Future Interests

  • Reversionary Interests (3 Types)
    • Possibility of Reverter
    • Right of Entry for Condition Broken
    • Right of Entry Arising From Fee Simple on Condition Subsequent
  • Vested or Contingent Remainders
    • Vested Remainders
      • Remainders Indefeasibly Vested
      • Remainders Vested Subject to Partial Divestment
      • Remainders Vested Subject to Complete Divestment
    • Contingent Remainders
  • Executory Interests (2 Types)

When studying estates in land, you need to learn how to distinguish the estates. Knowing the history of how they came about is helpful.

Future interests can be created either as a legal estate in land or as an equitable estates in trust.